Aspen Strategy Group

Programs by Topic

Africa | Asia | Balkans | Global Security Issues |
Europe and Aspen Ministers Forum | Homeland Security |
India | Mexico | The Middle East | Russia | U.S. Military

Africa

"Africa at Risk or Rising? The Role of Europe, North America and China on the Continent," Session VII of the Aspen Atlantic Group (May 2007)
The Aspen Atlantic Group in Berlin convened 14 former foreign ministers and an array of experts from Europe, North America, and China to discuss the evolving relationships that the major powers are pursuing with Africa. Enriched by the presentations of several German government officials, the workshop explored such issues as energy as a new driver for engagement, the impact of international development assistance, the future of mass conflict on the continent, transnational challenges such as health and environmental degradation, and the status of democracy and human rights. Drawing together diverse perspectives, this meeting served as an important platform for participants to consider a common vision for effective cooperation on the continent.

"The Crisis in Darfur: What is to be Done?" Session VI of the Aspen Atlantic Group (December 2006)
For the sixth session of the Aspen Atlantic Group, 14 former foreign ministers, as well as a number of UN and U.S. government officials and experts, gathered in Washington D.C. December 7-10, 2006 to discuss an end to the crisis in Darfur. Keynote speakers included UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres, Special Presidential Envoy to Sudan Andrew Natsios, and UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs & Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland. The meeting focused on policy options for the international community while integrating local perspectives from Sudan. The resulting proposal for action appeared on the December 17th Financial Times and was discussed and reprinted in major publications worldwide. Signatories included Madeleine Albright (the United States), Joschka Fischer (Germany), Ismail Cem (Turkey), Lloyd Axworthy (Canada); Erik Derycke (Belguim); Lamberto Dini (Italy); Gareth Evans (Australia); Bronislaw Geremek (Poland); Rosario Green (Mexico); Niels Helveg Petersen (Denmark); Surin Pitsuwan (Thailand); Ana Palacio (Spain); Lydie Polfer (Luxembourg); and Jozias van Aartsen (Netherlands); Hubert Vedrine (France).

Asia

On August 4-9 the Aspen Strategy Group held its 26th annual summer workshop in Aspen, Colorado on "China’s March on the 21st Century." ASG Co-Chairs Joseph Nye and Brent Scowcroft led the group's examination of such areas as China's economic growth, energy policy, military modernization, regional relationships, environmental and health challenges, and popular culture. The session brought together many prominent American experts on China as well as several distinguished participants who traveled from China to attend, including Wang Jisi and Cui Liru. Several U.S. Members of Congress and both current and former Bush administration officials, including Philip Zelikow and Robert Zoellick, participated in the session as well.

Political and Security Implications of the East Asian Crisis (August 1998)
A regional overview, specific discussions of Indonesia and Korea, and a session on the changing balance of power were all reported in the summaries of discussion. A total of 44 participants, including 23 ASG members and five representatives from the region participated in the meeting.

Asia Economic Crisis and the US-Japan Alliance (July 1998)
In depth discussions between Japanese and American participants on Japan, China, and the financial crises, facilitated by the Aspen Institute Japan. Op-eds and press reports were produced. A total of 20 people participated, including 8 ASG members, 2 American representatives not belonging to ASG and 10 Japanese participants.


Balkans

Western Policy in the Balkans (October 1999)
ASG conducted an in depth discussion on the potential for the Balkan region following the NATO intervention in Kosovo. Five ASG members joined 23 senior European policymakers and 11 senior American decision makers for a three day meeting on the future of the Balkans. America and the Balkans: Memos to a President was published by W.W. Norton in 2000.

Western Policy in the Southern Balkans (October 1998)
Senior European and American policymakers, including the US negotiator for Kosovo, joined the ASG to assess Western policy options for peace in Kosovo without NATO intervention.

The International Commission on the Balkans Reunion (July 1997)
ASG provided assistance with meeting planning, invitations, staffing, and the ASG co-chairman, Kenneth Dam, participated in the meeting.

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Global Security Issues

The Global Politics of Energy (August 2007)
In early August the Aspen Strategy Group tackled the global politics of energy and how the complex and multifaceted issues of energy supply and demand have come to assume a role of central importance in national and global politics. The annual ASG summer workshop in Aspen was attended by numerous experts on international relations, energy markets, and global climate change. In the modern world, energy security is interwoven in almost every policy debate, encompassing the internal stability of a nation and/or region, the potential for development and growth of emerging nations, new innovative technologies and the infrastructure to ensure a safe and reliable source of fuel to the market. In addition, Securing America's Future Energy (SAFE) organized a mock Security Council deliberation, which placed ASG participants in the places of high-ranking government officials faced with a real-time energy related crisis. The meeting concluded with the creation of a list of options on how best to provide for energy security in the days ahead.

The Challenge of Proliferation (August 2004)
The Aspen Strategy Group summer workshop in Aspen, Colorado brought together ASG members, regional experts, and administration officials to discuss the challenge and threat of proliferation, which is emerging as the central organizing tenet in American foreign and security policy. The group spent five days tackling various aspects of the proliferation challenge including dangerous states such as Iran, North Korea, and Pakistan; the nexus between nuclear and biological weapons; the intelligence challenge; traditional arms control; the views of U.S. allies; and counter-proliferation.

Arms Control in a New Strategic Environment (December 2003)
The Aspen Strategy Group convened a Washington, D.C. scoping session on December 15 to consider the future prospects for arms control in the new strategic environment. The meeting brought together a diverse group of scholars, strategic thinkers, practitioners and commentators to consider the question: Is arms control still relevant for the vexing security challenges of the 21st century? For the meetings keynote speech, Mitchell Reiss, director of Policy Planning at the State Department, provided insights on the Bush administrations threat determent policies. This discussion provided the foundation for an August 2004 ASG workshop in Aspen.

Biological Security and Global Public Health (August 2002)
The ASG hosted its summer workshop on Biological Security and Global Public Health, convening ASG members, administration officials, members of Congress, journalists, and global health experts to discuss the policy implications of the nexus of the natural and intentional spread of disease.


Europe and Aspen Ministers Forum

"Africa at Risk or Rising? The Role of Europe, North America and China on the Continent," Session VII of the Aspen Atlantic Group (May 2007)
The Aspen Atlantic Group in Berlin convened 14 former foreign ministers and an array of experts from Europe, North America, and China to discuss the evolving relationships that the major powers are pursuing with Africa. Enriched by the presentations of several German government officials, the workshop explored such issues as energy as a new driver for engagement, the impact of international development assistance, the future of mass conflict on the continent, transnational challenges such as health and environmental degradation, and the status of democracy and human rights. Drawing together diverse perspectives, this meeting served as an important platform for participants to consider a common vision for effective cooperation on the continent.

"The Crisis in Darfur: What is to be Done?" Session VI of the Aspen Atlantic Group (December 2006)
For the sixth session of the Aspen Atlantic Group, 14 former foreign ministers, as well as a number of UN and U.S. government officials and experts, gathered in Washington D.C. December 7-10, 2006 to discuss an end to the crisis in Darfur. Keynote speakers included UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres, Special Presidential Envoy to Sudan Andrew Natsios, and UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs & Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland. The meeting focused on policy options for the international community while integrating local perspectives from Sudan. The resulting proposal for action appeared on the December 17th Financial Times and was discussed and reprinted in major publications worldwide. Signatories included Madeleine Albright (the United States), Joschka Fischer (Germany), Ismail Cem (Turkey), Lloyd Axworthy (Canada); Erik Derycke (Belguim); Lamberto Dini (Italy); Gareth Evans (Australia); Bronislaw Geremek (Poland); Rosario Green (Mexico); Niels Helveg Petersen (Denmark); Surin Pitsuwan (Thailand); Ana Palacio (Spain); Lydie Polfer (Luxembourg); and Jozias van Aartsen (Netherlands); Hubert Vedrine (France).

"Joschka Fischer, Member of German Parliament, and Alexei Arbatov, Director of International Security in the Center of the Institute for International Economy and International Relationships at the Russian Academy of SciencesRussia: Prospects for a Common Transatlantic Agenda," Session V of the Aspen Atlantic Group (April 2006)
The Aspen Atlantic Group assembled several former foreign ministers, along with experts from Europe, the United States and Russia, at Wilton Park, England to explore the opportunity for future cooperation between North America and Europe in crafting policies toward Russia. Amid Russia's recent retreat from democratic practices, the workshop was guided by presentations on Russia's relationship with its neighbors, the health of the free-market economy in the country, Russia's dependability as an energy superpower, the West's views on Russia's strategy and tactics in Chechnya, the state of Russia's nuclear security in a post-9/11 world and Russia's role in the global war against terrorism. These conferences allowed for participants to develop and build strong personal relationships with each other and ultimately, create a strong foundation for promoting enlightened policy. Some notable attendees included former American Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who is the Aspen Atlantic Group's founder and director, and Igor Ivanov, Secretary of the Russian Security Council.

"A Year of Opportunities for the International Communication: Transatlantic Roles and Implications," Session IV of the Aspen Atlantic Group (May 2005)
During a four-day workshop in Vancouver, Canada, the members of the Aspen Atlantic Group, as well as experts and policy makers from both sides of the Atlantic, discussed their recommendations for a package of United Nations reforms, a long-term agenda for recovery and reconstruction in Southeast Asia, and strategies to counter threats from nuclear proliferation while bolstering the non-proliferation regime. Themes such as the "Responsibility to Protect" and the need for democratic nations to take a leading role at the UN were possible areas of consensus which the group examined. Allan Rock, Canada's Ambassador to the UN, and Jane Holl Lute, Assistant Secretary General, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, were among the keynote speakers.

Please find below the meeting briefing papers which guided the group's discussion in Vancouver:

"Iran: Prospects for A Common Transatlantic Agenda," Session III of the Aspen Atlantic Group (July 2004)
Building on the momentum of the 2003 sessions, the third workshop in the Aspen Atlantic Group series focused on crafting a common transatlantic agenda for Iran. Key strategic thinkers and senior statesmen spent three days in the Netherlands examining a variety of international and domestic issues that will shape Irans future relationship with the transatlantic partners. This workshop also included a special keynote presentation by General James L. Jones, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe who briefed participants on the recent NATO Summit in Istanbul.

"Crossing the Atlantic," Session II of the Aspen Atlantic Group (August 2003)
The second workshop in the Aspen Atlantic Group series centered on specific areas of transatlantic collaboration, including homeland security, Middle East peace, and humanitarian intervention. Members of the Aspen Atlantic Group present at this session in Aspen included Robin Cook, Britains former foreign secretary and current Member of Parliament, and Ismail Cem, former Turkish foreign minister and current president of the New Turkey Party. This workshop also featured a young leader component, and the rising generation of transatlantic experts, of which several representatives were present, infused dynamism and new ideas to the dialogue. While in Aspen, several former foreign ministers released a joint statement giving suggestions to the governments of North America and Europe on how to work together and with the strengths of the United Nations in rebuilding Iraq.

"Transatlantic Relationship at the Crossroads," Session I of the Aspen Atlantic Group (June 2003)
In the spring of 2003, the Aspen Strategy Group and Secretary Madeleine Albright initiated a new meeting series in response to the crisis in transatlantic relations. The ASG and Secretary Albright convened senior statesmen from North America and Europe as well as Members of Congress, transatlantic experts, and representatives from the ASG membership. The pillars of the series, approximately a dozen former foreign ministers, present at the first meeting included former French foreign minister Hubert Vdrine and former foreign minister of Italy and current vice president of the Italian Senate, Lamberto Dini. Coming together at the Wye River campus of the Aspen Institute, the group conducted frank diagnosis of core commonalities and differences in North America and Europes needs and values. Participants debated possible changes in the transatlantic architecture, including recommendations for invigorating NATO and defining its role, creating better mechanisms for EU-U.S. dialogue and cooperation, undertaking UN reform, assessing the role of the OSCE, and revamping the G8.

"America and Europe" (August 2001)
The Aspen Strategy Group's 2001 summer workshop brought together policymakers, strategists, members of the media and businessmen and government officials. Discussions revolved around America's relations with Europe in a new environment. The discussions included the Balkans, NATO enlargement, and possibilities for transatlantic cooperation on transnational issues such as terrorism, global health and human rights, and the environment. Of the 41 participants, 23 were ASG members.


Homeland Security

U.S. Homeland Security (June 2002)
The ASG convened a special spring session exploring the challenge of defending the U.S. homeland. Meeting in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, the group's findings were distilled into an ASG report, Planning to Win: A Report on Homeland Security. The report was released at a press conference and received two mentions in the Washington Post.


U.S.-India Dialogue (April 2008)
In light of the assassination of Benazir Bhutto and the ever growing crisis in Tibet, India finds itself in a region of political turmoil, but also on the threshold of opportunity in its emergence as a solid democratic leader. In the eleventh session of the U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue in New Delhi, participants focused on the struggle to reach new diplomatic heights given the rapid progression of recent events. The dialogue, co-hosted by the Confederation of Indian Industry, utilized the insights of Indian and American senior level government officials, journalists, military officials, and academics to analyze, debate, and predict the future path of U.S.-India relations. The American and Indian delegations convened for two days of roundtable discussions on joint energy challenges, the ever-evolving defense and economic relationship, the situation in Pakistan, and impending transnational challenges and opportunities that will greet the next U.S. administration. The American delegation continued the dialogue outside the forum in meetings with numerous Indian officials including India's Chief of Naval Staff and the National Security Adviser to hear directly from key policymakers on their aspirations for the relationship. This dialogue, now in its eleventh session, embodies the trajectory of the US-India relationship through its burgeoning relationships, frank discussion, and a desire to cooperate even further in the days ahead.

U.S.-India Dialogue (September 2007)
As the controversial 123 Agreement maneuvers through the Indian Parliament, the achievements and potential of the ever-deepening relationship between the U.S. and India were measured in the tenth session of the U.S.-India dialogue held in Washington, D.C. September 13-18th, 2007. Hosted by the Aspen Strategy Group and co-hosted by the Confederation of Indian Industry, the dialogue brought together government officials, academics, military officers, and journalists from the United States and India in a continued effort to promote high level communication and understanding on the issues, challenges, and opportunities surrounding the burgeoning partnership of the two countries. During two days of roundtable discussions, the Indian and American delegations covered the status of the nuclear deal, new directions and alliances in Indian foreign policy, the emerging U.S.-India defense and economic relationship, and common transnational challenges facing both countries in the coming decade. Following the roundtable discussions, the visiting Indian delegation attended meetings with senior administration members, including Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Deputy National Security Advisor James F. Jeffrey, while also spending time on Capitol Hill and in meetings with USTR. This session's dialogue, during a potentially momentous time, was particularly strong and encouraged future discussions. Both ASG and CII remain committed to providing both countries this valuable venue to generate ideas in an open and candid manner.

U.S.-India Dialogue (January 2007)
Weeks after President Bush's signing of the Henry Hyde U.S.-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act, the Aspen Strategy Group led a delegation to New Delhi for the ninth "U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue" January 11-17, 2007. Co-hosted by the Confederation of Indian Industry, the Dialogue facilitated high-level discussion among key representatives from government, business, military, and media circles. Highlights of the Dialogue included private meetings with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, and Finance Minister P Chidambaram. The U.S. delegation also convened in a roundtable format with Indian counterparts to discuss such topics as Indian Parliamentary follow up to the Hyde Act, bilateral economic and military ties, transnational challenges, and regional issues surrounding the Middle East, China, and India's neighbors. In this first session since the November 2006 shift in the U.S. Congress, both sides recognized the growing importance of the dynamic political landscapes in the United States and India.

U.S.-India Dialogue (June 2006)
Against the backdrop of Congressional debate regarding the proposed civil nuclear deal with India, the Aspen Strategy Group hosted the eighth U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue June 16-20, 2006. Co-sponsored by the Confederation of Indian Industry, the Dialogue brought Indian diplomats, business leaders, and Members of Parliament to Washington to discuss critical issues with their American counterparts. Roundtable sessions gave the delegations an opportunity for dialogue on pertinent topics, ranging from President Bush’s recent trip to India and the pending nuclear agreement to the implications for the two partners of global climate change, economic exchange, and developments within Pakistan. The Aspen Strategy Group also arranged meetings for the Indian delegation with senior U.S. government officials, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Peter Pace, Deputy Secretary of Defense Gordon England, Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman, Counselor to the State Department Philip Zelikow, and Senator John Cornyn.

U.S.-India Dialogue (December 2005)
On the heels of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's breakthrough visit to Washington in July, the Aspen Strategy Group hosted a delegation from India as part of the seventh U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue in St. Michaels, Maryland and Washington, D.C. The Dialogue, co-sponsored by the Confederation of Indian Industry, allowed members of the Indian delegation – which included diplomats, parliamentarians, journalists, and members of the business, military and scientific communities – to meet with their American counterparts in a candid setting. The discussion touched on a range of issues, including political and economic ties, military cooperation, regional concerns, the energy crisis, and transnational challenges such as improving healthcare and combating poverty and climate change. In addition, the Dialogue facilitated meetings between the Indian delegation and key members of the administration and Congress, including Senator Dick Lugar and Under Secretary of Defense Eric Edelman. The Aspen Strategy Group marked the close of the program with a public panel discussion at the Aspen Institute's offices.

U.S.-India Dialogue (March 2005)
The Aspen Strategy Group led a high-level delegation to New Delhi and Jaipur, India in March for the sixth installment of the U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue, co-sponsored by the Confederation of Indian Industry. The delegation met with leaders of India’s national security and foreign policy establishment, as well as acting Indian government officials for off-the-record discussions on the U.S.-India partnership in areas such as defense, economics, HIV/AIDs, and developments in the broader South Asian region. The Dialogue provides an opportunity for Americans and Indians to explore critical and evolving aspects of the relationship while forming bonds with each other as individuals. Delegation members included former national security advisor and Aspen Strategy Group co-chair Brent Scowcroft, former assistant secretary of defense and Aspen Strategy Group co-chair Joseph Nye, former secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig as well as former deputy national security adviser James Steinberg.

U.S.-India Dialogue (October 2004)
Complementing the February visit to India by a high-level Aspen Strategy Group delegation, the Confederation of Indian Industry assembled a delegation of senior Indian policy makers, academics, business leaders, and journalists to come to Washington, D.C. in October 2004. The visit began with a two-day session at Wye River with ASG members and other special guests that focused on the U.S.-India defense relationship, proliferation, bilateral economic relations, and the U.S. elections. Following that two-day event, the members of the Indian delegation attended a number of briefings with key officials of the U.S. administration. The highlight was a visit to the Pentagon to meet with Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and General Richard Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff. The group also met with Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage.

U.S.-India Dialogue (February 2004)
A high-level Aspen Strategy Group delegation which included two former national security advisors and a deputy secretary of state traveled to India February 3-6, 2004 in the fourth installment of the U.S.-India Dialogue co-organized by the Aspen Strategy Group and the Confederation of Indian Industry. The delegation met with Indian security experts and government officials, including the Ministers of Defense, External Affairs, Finance, Commerce and Law, as well as Indias National Security Advisor. Discussion centered on such topics as the areas of U.S.-Indian cooperation outlined in January by President Bush and Prime Minister Vajpayee, unfolding India-Pakistan peace talks, Indias role vis--vis the NPT regime, the security landscape in Asia, bilateral economic relations, and outsourcing.

U.S.-India Dialogue (October 2003)
The Aspen Strategy Group and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) held the latest round of dialogue in Washington, D.C. on October 5-9, 2003, which included a meeting with Secretary of State Colin Powell and other senior government officials. In addition to sharing assessments and goals for the relationship, the Indian and American participants discussed, among other topics, the reconstruction of Iraq, the WTO ministerial in Cancun, relations between the U.S. and Pakistan, and implications of the glide path agreement on high-tech, space and nuclear power. The groups on both sides consisted of several top officials, former officials and opinion makers from the media.

U.S.-India Dialogue (August 2002)
In this round of the dialogue, a delegation from India joined Aspen Strategy Group members at Aspen Meadows, the Aspen Institute campus in Colorado. The delegation then traveled to Washington, DC where they met with Colin Powell, Paula Dobriansky, Robert Zoellick, and other administration officials. In these meetings, participants continued to explore the U.S.-India relationship as well as how that relationship impacts other regions in the world from an economic, political, security and health standpoint.

U.S.-India Dialogue (January 2002)
In January 2002 the Aspen Strategy Group launched a Track II effort, U.S.-India Dialogue, a joint project between the ASG and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). For the first meetings in the series, a high-level American delegation traveled to Udaipur, India and attended a three-day conference with Indian counterparts before continuing on to New Delhi to meet with Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee and other senior Indian government officials. The final stop for the American delegation was Islamabad, Pakistan, where they met with senior government officials, including President Pervez Musharraf, to discuss the mounting tension between Pakistan and India, and the new era of U.S.-Pakistan relations.

America and India (May 2000)
On the heels of President Clintons March 2000 visit to South Asia, the Aspen Strategy Group assembled 30 foreign policy experts to analyze the political, economic, and security issues and the impact of these issues on the relationship between India and the United States. Five senior government officials, including the Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia and the Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security, joined 11 ASG members and three former American ambassadors to India for two days of discussions on the Indian-American relationship.

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Mexico

Mexico After the Peso Crisis (March 1998)
ASG conducted a special discussion on the US-Mexican relationship in the aftermath of the Peso crisis with 33 senior American and Mexican policy makers, including 13 ASG members.


The Middle East

Iran: Prospects for A Common Transatlantic Agenda, Session III of the Aspen Atlantic Group (July 2004)
Building on the momentum of the 2003 sessions, the third workshop in the Aspen Atlantic Group series focused on crafting a common transatlantic agenda for Iran. Key strategic thinkers and senior statesmen spent three days in the Netherlands examining a variety of international and domestic issues that will shape Irans future relationship with the transatlantic partners. This workshop also included a special keynote presentation by General James L. Jones, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe who briefed participants on the recent NATO Summit in Istanbul.

In Search of An American Grand Strategy for the Middle East (August 2003)
The Aspen Strategy Group summer workshop in Aspen, Colorado brought together ASG members, regional experts, and several administration officials to discuss the contours and complications of American grand strategy in the Middle East. The group tackled reconstruction in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Arab-Israeli conflict, region-wide economic modernization, democratization and security, while examining the necessity for a generational commitment to the region. The papers commissioned for the session have been released in a monograph along with a synopsis of the discussion written by ASG director, Kurt Campbell.

United States Policy and Iraq (March 1999)
A total of 26 policy leaders, including 13 ASG members, worked carefully through US policy options for Iraq.

The United States and the Islamic World (August 1997)
Participants (18 ASG members and 17 specialists) discussed what American leaders should know about Muslim politics and society, and specifically assessed the cases of Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. The report on this meeting, America and the Muslim Middle East was the prototype for the Aspen Policy Series, a book series for policymakers, students, and the general public.


Russia

Russia: Prospects for a Common Transatlantic Agenda, Session V of the Aspen Atlantic Group (April 2006)
The Aspen Atlantic Group assembled several former foreign ministers, along with experts from Europe, the United States and Russia, at Wilton Park, England to explore the opportunity for future cooperation between North America and Europe in crafting policies toward Russia. Amid Russia's recent retreat from democratic practices, the workshop was guided by presentations on Russia's relationship with its neighbors, the health of the free-market economy in the country, Russia's dependability as an energy superpower, the West's views on Russia's strategy and tactics in Chechnya, the state of Russia's nuclear security in a post-9/11 world and Russia's role in the global war against terrorism. These conferences allowed for participants to develop and build strong personal relationships with each other and ultimately, create a strong foundation for promoting enlightened policy. Some notable attendees included former American Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who is the Aspen Atlantic Group's founder and director, and Igor Ivanov, Secretary of the Russian Security Council.

America and Russia (August 1999)
This meeting provided an assessment and analysis of possible prescriptions for US policy toward Russia, Russian policy toward the US, and Russian policy toward the former republics. This meeting included 51 specialists and ASG members, including 6 Russians.

  • America and Russia: Memos to a President published by W.W. Norton & Company (11/00)

U.S. Military

American Military Strategy (August 2000)
Policymakers, strategists, and defense experts from the U.S., UK, France, and Israel gathered to discuss the future of the American military. This included discussions on America's international role, its relationship with other states and alliances, WMD, and the revolution in military affairs (RMA). Of the 45 participants, 23 were ASG members. The fifth book in the Aspen Policy Series, American Military Strategy: Memos to a President, was published by W.W. Norton and Company in August 2001.

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