The following is a partial list of our seminar moderators. We will continue to update the list regularly.

A. George (Skip) Battle

Keith Berwick

Maria Blair

Todd Breyfogle

Lee T. Bycel

John Danner

Benjamin Bernard Dunlap

Paul Gaffney

Elliot Gerson

Carol Gluck

Leigh Hafrey

Reed Hastings

Jerry Howe

Jennie M. Johnson

David H. Langstaff

Jay Marshall

David Monsma

Eric L. Motley

Donald W. Murphy

Mark Nevins

Elizabeth Hayes Patterson

Watanan Petersik

Joanna Rees

Peter A. Reiling

Bruce Robertson

Ford Rowan

Lucille Sansing

Ramez Shehadi

John Simpkins

Heather Sonn

Pete Thigpen

Ayanna Thompson

Joanna Tobin

David Townsend

Lynne Waldera

Roger Widmann

A. George (Skip) Battle is a Senior Fellow of the Aspen Institute as well as a long time Institute moderator. He was previously executive chairman of the board of Ask Jeeves, Inc., which was acquired by IAC/InterActiveCorp in July 2005. Prior to that, he served as CEO of the company from 2000 to 2003. From 1968 until his retirement in 1995, Skip served in management roles at Arthur Andersen LLP and then Andersen Consulting LLP (now Accenture), where he became worldwide managing partner of market development and a member of the firm's executive committee. He currently serves as chairman of the board of FICO and as a director of OpenTable, Netflix, LinkedIn, Workday, and Expedia, Inc. He was previously a director of the Masters Select Family of Mutual Funds, PeopleSoft, Advent Software, and Barra, Inc. He is also a grape farmer in the Alexander Valley of Sonoma County, California. He received a BA with highest distinction in economics from Dartmouth College and an MBA in finance from Stanford Business School, where he held McCarthy and University Fellowships, and has lectured at Stanford Business School, University of California-Berkeley Business School and the American University. Skip makes his home in Berkeley, California.

Keith Berwick is a Senior Fellow of the Aspen Institute and the inaugural holder of the Keith Berwick Chair of Leadership. From 1996 to 2007 he served as co-founding Executive Director of the Henry Crown Fellowship Program and from 2003 to 2004 was also the Executive Vice President for Seminars of the Aspen Institute.

A native Canadian, Berwick has had a long and varied career as a historian, educator, television broadcaster, newspaper publisher and editor. He was educated at Syracuse University and the University of Chicago, where he earned his Ph.D. degree in U.S. history. He has taught at the University of California, Los Angeles; the Claremont Graduate School; Pepperdine University and the University of Southern California Graduate School of Business, and has lectured extensively at colleges and universities around the world.

Berwick is a four-time Emmy Award winning television broadcaster and principal of Berwick Communication, Inc., a newspaper and communication consulting company. He was founding president of Barry Ambrosetti & Associates, an Italian-American joint venture in global strategic planning, associate editor of Pacific Historical Review and editor of New Management magazine. From 1990 to 1996 he and his wife Sheena were publishers of the Country News, a weekly newspaper on California's Central Coast.

Berwick is author of The American Revolutionary Experience, 1776-1976 and The Federal Age, 1789-1829: America in the Process of Becoming, among other historical works. He is currently at work on The Search for an American Hero, a book about the American presidency. He and his wife Sheena make their home in Santa Barbara, California

Maria Blair is a Principal at ghSMART. She serves leaders of high performing organizations across all sectors in the areas of management assessment, leadership coaching and organizational change initiatives and advises their boards, executives, and investors on their most important leadership challenges.

Maria leads major organizational development and transformation projects globally. She led a major strategic transformation initiative at the American Cancer Society, impacting its 6,000 employees and 3 million volunteers and resulting in the largest nonprofit merger in history. She also led performance improvement at several Fortune 50 financial institutions and helped to transform the Rockefeller Foundation's global organization structure and key processes.

Prior to joining ghSMART, Maria was national vice president of the American Cancer Society, leading strategy and global operations. Previously, Maria was Deputy Associate Director at the White House Council on Environmental Quality. She led an interagency effort to develop Federal recommendations for reducing and mitigating climate risks both domestically and internationally. Prior to the White House, Maria was Associate Vice President and Managing Director at The Rockefeller Foundation, providing leadership and strategic direction for all Foundation initiatives. She also led major global initiatives in climate change and innovation.

Maria began her career as an Associate Principal at McKinsey & Company, where she provided leadership, problem solving expertise and counseling to senior managers in financial institutions, nonprofit and multilateral organizations. Maria was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University's Balliol College, where she earned a master's degree in politics, economics and philosophy, and has her BA degree from Harvard University.

Maria is the chair of the board of directors for the Nonprofit Finance Fund, an Aspen Institute Catto Fellow and a moderator for the Aspen Global Leaders Network. She has worked in 15 different countries, and traveled in an additional 45 countries. She lives in Brooklyn, New York with her husband and two daughters.

Todd Breyfogle, PhD, is Director of Seminars for the Aspen Institute, overseeing a number of seminar offerings, including the Aspen Executive Seminar on leadership, values and the good society—since 1950 the heart of the Aspen Institute’s humanities-based executive leadership development programs.

Todd moderates seminars for the Aspen Institute and has published and lectured widely on the great books, political philosophy, theology, literature, and liberal education. He serves on several non-profit boards, is a recipient of research and curriculum grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Arts and Humanities Research Board (UK), and the Templeton Foundation, and is editor emeritus of The American Oxonian, the quarterly publication of the Association of American Rhodes Scholars. He is the editor of Literary Imagination, Ancient and Modern (University of Chicago Press). Before joining the Aspen Institute, Todd was a Fellow and Program Officer at Liberty Fund (where he gained extensive experience organizing and facilitating great books discussions) and taught in and directed the Honors Program at the University of Denver. He has taught as an adjunct professor at the Iliff School of Theology and as a visiting lecturer in philosophy and religion at the University of Tulsa. He has lectured at universities in the US, UK, Canada, Romania, and India, including Oxford, Cambridge, Princeton, Dartmouth, Concordia, Wesleyan, and the University of Chicago. He currently chairs the board of the American Academy for Liberal Education and in 2012 was elected to the Senate of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. In 2015 Todd was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to the Order of St. John, an 11th century Order of Chivalry of the British Crown.

A Colorado native, he earned his B.A. at Colorado College (Phi Beta Kappa) in Classics-History-Politics. He attended Oxford (as a Rhodes Scholar), where he read Ancient and Modern History and Patristic and Modern Theology. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago’s Committee on Social Thought (as a Century Fellow and Javitz Fellow).

Lee T. Bycel is the founder and CEO of CedarStreet Leadership (CSL). CSL seeks to foster creative, strategic and thoughtful leadership prepared to handle the many challenges of the 21st century. He has also served as a senior moderator of Leadership Seminars at the Aspen Institute for over fifteen years. Lee has an extensive background in leadership positions. He has served as Executive Director of the Redford Center whose mission was to collaborate with diverse leaders and artists in cultivating creative, action-based solutions to some of today’s most compelling civic, environmental and social challenges.

Lee is a social justice advocate deeply committed to humanitarian issues. He was Executive Director, Western Region of American Jewish World Service (AJWS). AJWS is an international development organization dedicated to alleviating poverty, hunger and disease among the people of the developing world, regardless of race, religion or nationality.

He previously served as Senior Advisor, Global Strategy of International Medical Corps. He has facilitated many workshops on leadership issues, ethics, and strategy for a variety of corporate and non-profit groups. He has made several trips to East Africa including five humanitarian trips to Darfur and Chad where he visited several refugee camps. In April of 2006 he was in Rwanda for the 12th commemoration of their genocide. His most recent humanitarian trips were to Haiti (October 2011) and South Sudan in May of 2011; two months prior to it becoming the world’s newest country.

For several years he served as President of The Brandeis-Bardin Institute, a national conference and retreat center located in Southern California. For fifteen years he was Dean of the Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion in Los Angeles, where he was the Senior Academic and Administrative Officer of the campus. He was Assistant Professor of Leadership and Applied Theology. He has also served as the Smither Visiting Professor of World Religions at the Claremont School of Theology.

Born in Los Angeles, Lee graduated from the University of California at Berkeley with a B.A. in Philosophy. He earned his doctorate from the Claremont School of Theology.

Bycel has extensive leadership experience. For several years he has addressed the U.S. Presidential Scholars in Washington, D.C. on the subject of Leadership and Ethics. In the fall of 2005, he participated in the inaugural meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative. Lee is involved in a variety of humanitarian, social justice, and educational organizations and activities. He served as President of the County of Los Angeles Commission on Human Relations. He has a number of publications to his credit as well as being the recipient of many awards including the National Conference of Community and Justice (NCCJ) Humanitarian Award. He is a frequent contributor to the Huffington Post and other publications.

John Danner has extensive experience advising and managing both large, complex organizations and emerging startup ventures. His work as a management consultant, entrepreneur, lawyer and public official has centered on helping organizations deal with the challenges and opportunities of unprecedented change in their operating environments. He also teaches executives as well as undergraduate and graduate students from around the world through several university programs and other educational endeavors.

Management Consulting: As a management consultant, he has worked closely with senior executive teams on a broad range of strategic issues in a diverse array of industry settings, from energy and healthcare to consumer products and multimedia. His clients have included Fortune 500 global enterprises as well as high-tech startups; and his work has involved issues ranging from long-range business strategy and diversification initiatives to change management, technology integration, executive training and high-profile project management. He frequently works for clients on an industry-exclusive basis, often over several years.

Among his recent engagements are strategic analysis and advice to several major players in the restructuring global energy and utility markets (including the organization that manages California's electricity grid), business process management innovation for two major regulated infrastructure companies, acquisition integration and strategy for a major food products and service company, and work with a broad range of new ventures on multiple issues regarding their business launches. Throughout his consulting career, he has directed major initiatives at both the business unit and enterprise levels, frequently leading collaborative teams of internal executives and outside advisors. He has worked extensively in both regulated and unregulated business environments, as well as hybrid settings.

Teaching: Mr. Danner currently teaches several MBA courses in venture development and business model innovation at the Haas Business School, University of California, Berkeley. He also recently launched a popular campus-wide undergraduate course on entrepreneurship to address global poverty. While serving as the Dean's Visiting Professor at Princeton University, he created an interdisciplinary course on social entrepreneurship and launched a pilot venture development program for student entrepreneurs.

He serves on the global faculty for an Intel-sponsored global seminar program on technology entrepreneurship and innovation. He also conducts seminars for Haas' international Executive Education program; and serves as a senior moderator of the Aspen Institute Executive Seminar and related programs. In these latter capacities, he has conducted successful seminars for hundreds of senior-level leaders from business, government and the nonprofit sectors around the world.

Other Experience: In addition to his consulting and teaching activities, Mr. Danner's professional career includes prior experience as an entrepreneur, corporate lawyer and senior policy advisor at both the state and federal government levels. He co-founded a national business newspaper covering the U.S. healthcare industry, and a market research company in his college days. His legal work for a leading international law firm included major client representations in electricity, telecommunications, oil and gas, real estate and investment industries. His public service includes work as a senior aide to then-Governor Bill Clinton, and to U.S. Secretary of Education Shirley Hufstedler in establishing the U.S. Department of Education. He has also assisted several foundations in strategic reviews of their philanthropic strategies. Throughout the course of his career, he has been a featured speaker at major conferences on topics as diverse as energy policy innovation and healthcare industry changes to strategic planning models and cash management initiatives.

Education: Mr. Danner holds the J.D., M.P.H. and M.A.Ed. degrees from the University of California, Berkeley; and served as Assistant Editor of the California Law Review. He received his A.B. cum laude in government and economics from Harvard College.

Mr. Danner has been married for 38 years, and has 3 sons. He enjoys travel, cartography and information graphics.

Benjamin Bernard Dunlap, president emeritus of Wofford College, was born December 3, 1937, in Columbia, S. C. After graduating summa cum laude from Sewanee: The University of the South in 1959, he attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and Harvard University as a graduate student in English language and literature, receiving his PhD in 1967. Since that time, he has held academic appointments at Harvard, the University of South Carolina and Wofford College, where for seven years prior to becoming president he served as the Chapman Family Professor in the Humanities, a position he still holds. He has twice served as a Fulbright Senior Lecturer in Bangkok, Thailand, and Chiang Mai, Thailand, and was a member of the inaugural class of U.S.-Japan Leadership Fellows in Tokyo.

Dunlap's academic fields include literature, intellectual history, Asian studies, film history and criticism, fiction writing, and the arts. On those subjects and others, especially higher education, he has lectured and spoken widely in this country and abroad including an appearance as one of "Fifty Remarkable People" at the 2007 TED Conference in Monterey. A frequent moderator for the Aspen Institute's Executive and C.E.O. Seminars as well as its Henry Crown Fellowship and such affiliated programs as the Executive Seminar Asia, the Faculty Seminars at Wye, the Aspen-Rodel Fellowship, the Africa Leadership Initiative, the Central European Leadership Initiative, and the Liberty Fellowship of South Carolina, he has also designed and moderated seminars in Europe, Africa, and the United States for corporate clients as varied as the Netflix Corporation, Young & Rubicam, the Nova Chemical Corporation, and the Arab Banking Corporation.

Dunlap's many publications include poems, essays, anthologies, guides, and opera libretti. As a writer-producer and on-camera talent for public television, he has been a major contributor to more than 200 programs, for which he has won numerous national and international awards, and, for four and a half years in the 1970s and 80s, he performed as soloist and principal dancer for the Columbia City Ballet. Frequently recognized for both teaching and research, he has recently completed a novel, Famous Dogs of the Civil War, which awaits publication.

Since 1963, he has been married to Anne Boyd Dunlap. They have three grown children. In 2006, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by his alma mater, Sewanee: The University of the South.

Paul Gaffney is Senior Vice President, Information Technology for The Home Depot, the world’s largest home improvement retailer. Paul is responsible for all software development at The Home Depot. He has more than 25 years of general management, operations, and technology experience in consumer services, retailing, and software. Paul was President and CEO of AAA in Northern California, Nevada, and Utah. He has held executive positions at Charles Schwab, Staples, and Office Depot where he brought internet technology to consumer financial services and to traditional retailing.

Paul has been an early-stage executive at three start-ups: initial CEO of Website Pros, now, Chief Operating Officer of Desktone, acquired by VMWare, and Keeps, recently profiled in California Sunday Magazine and on NPR. He is an independent board member of eXperticity, an innovative provider of expertise development for retail sales professionals and the brands they represent. In 2007, Paul was inducted by CIO magazine into the CIO Hall of Fame for significant contributions to and profound influence on the IT discipline. He is a 2009 Henry Crown Fellow and Moderator at the Aspen Institute. He earned an AB in computer Science from Harvard College, has taken graduate courses in Psychology at Harvard, and lives in Diablo, California and Atlanta, Georgia with his wife Kate. Their two children are in college.

Elliot Gerson is an executive vice president at the Aspen Institute, responsible for its Policy Programs, its Public Programs and its relations with international partners. The Institute's more than 30 Policy Programs focus on both domestic and international issues. They provide neutral venues, do nonpartisan analysis, foster candid dialogue among leaders, advocate new policy and promote best practices. The Institute's public programs - including the Aspen Ideas Festival and many smaller programs across the country - open the Institute's doors to a broader audience and further both its educational goals and its hopes that thought will lead to action. The Institute has international partners in the Czech Republic, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Romania, and Spain. Gerson also administers the US Rhodes Scholarships. He was a Rhodes Scholar, a US Supreme Court clerk, practiced law in government and privately, held executive positions in state and federal government and on a presidential campaign, and was president of start-ups in health care and education, and of two leading national insurance and health-care companies. He has served on many non-profit boards, especially in the arts.

Carol Gluck is the George Sansom Professor of History at Columbia University. She holds the B.A degree from Wellesley College, the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, and also studied at the Universities of Munich and Tokyo. She was Visiting Professor of History at Harvard University (1991), at the Institute of Social Science, Tokyo University (1993), and l'École des Hautes Études en Science Sociales (1995, 1998); also, Visiting Research Associate at the Faculty of Law, Tokyo University in 1978-9, 1985-6, 1992; Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford in 1999-2000, and Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, 2005-06.

Her special field is the history of modern Japan from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, with writings in modern social and cultural history, international relations, World War II, history-writing and public memory in Japan and the West.

Honors and awards include the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon, awarded by the Government of Japan in April, 2006; election to the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Fulbright 50th Anniversary Distinguished Scholar Award, the John King Fairbank Prize of the American Historical Association, the Lionel Trilling Award of Columbia University (both for "Japan's Modern Myths"); the Mark van Doren Award and Great Teacher Award for teaching, Columbia University; the Alumnae Achievement Award, Wellesley College; Distinguished Lectureships of the Association for Asian Studies and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. She will be the Distinguished Visitor in the Program in U.S.-Japan Relations, Harvard University, March 2009.

She was president of the Association for Asian Studies, 1996-97, and a member of the Board, 1995-99. She served a seven-year term as a presidential appointee to the Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission, 1995-2002. She is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Japan Society, Board of Trustees of the Asia Society, the Board of Directors of the Weatherhead Foundation, elected Councillor of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, member of the Council on Foreign Relations; member of the National Coalition on Asia and International Studies in the Schools. She is the recipient of Ford Foundation, Fulbright, Japan Foundation, and other grants.

Her books include Japan's Modern Myths: Ideology in the Late Meiji Period (Princeton, 1985); Showa: The Japan of Hirohito, Gluck and Graubard, W.W. Norton, 1992), Asia in Western and World History, Embree and Gluck (M.E. Sharpe, 1997), Toward Autonomy in US-Japan Relations [in Japanese], with Wada Haruki and Kang Sangjung (Fujiwara shoten, 2003); Sources of Japanese Tradition, Vol. 2, de Bary, Gluck and Tiedemann (Columbia, 2005); Rekishi de kangaeru [Thinking about History], a volume of her scholarly essays in Japanese (Iwanami, 2007); Thinking with the Past: Japan and Modern History (University of California Press, 2009); Words in Motion, ed., Gluck and Tsing (Duke University Press, 2009); Past Obsessions: World War Two in History and Memory (Columbia University Press, in press).

Recent articles include "Meiji and Modernity: From History to Theory," in Italia e Giappone: Intrecci Culturali, ed. Rosa Caroli (Venice, 2009); "Top Ten Things to Know About Japan in the Early Twenty-first Century," Education About Asia (Winter, 2008); "Operations of Memory: 'Comfort Women' and the World," in Jager and Mitter, eds., Ruptured Histories: War, Memory, and the Post-Cold War in Asia (Harvard University Press, 2007); "Thinking with the Past: History-writing in Modern Japan," in Sources of Japanese Tradition, Vol. 2, rev. ed. (Columbia, 2005); "Japan and the United States in Re-imperial Times, in Lloyd Gardner and Marilyn Young, eds. (New Press, 2005); "The End of the Postwar: Japan at the Turn of the Millennium," in Jeffrey Olick, ed., States of Memory (Duke, 2003).

She writes in the Japanese press, for years as a regular columnist for Newsweek Japan, lectures in the United States and abroad, and is active in efforts to improve the teaching of Asia and history in the schools.

Leigh Hafrey has worked as a journalist and a teacher and consultant in international development, communication, leadership, and professional ethics. Over the past 20 years, Hafrey has taught courses in communication at the Harvard Business School, Arthur D. Little’s Management Education Institute, and the MIT Sloan School of Management. Since 1992, he has also worked in professional ethics, with a focus on ethics and management, teaching courses at Harvard and MIT Sloan and consulting with professional practitioners in the U.S. and abroad.

Principal Teaching Appointment: Since 1995, Hafrey has been Senior Lecturer in the Behavioral and Policy Sciences at MIT Sloan, teaching regularly in the MBA, MIT-China, and Leaders for Global Operations programs. He has also taught in MIT's Industrial Liaison, Management of Technology, Nanyang Fellows, Sloan Fellows in Innovation and Global Leadership, Master of Finance, MIT-Portugal, and System Design and Management programs.

Additional Institutional Affiliations: From 1993 to 2010, Hafrey served as co-Master (with his wife, Sandra Naddaff) of Mather House, one of the 12 residential complexes in Harvard College: the Mather community brings together 400 undergraduates, 100 faculty, administrative, and alumni fellows, and 70+ advisory and other staff. In the late 1990's, Hafrey served as a member of the Brandeis Seminars in Humanities and the Professions, part of the Brandeis University Int'l Center for Ethics, Justice, and Public Life. In 1997, he was a Forum Fellow of the World Economic Forum, participating in panels on leadership and cultural diversity and moderating a seminar in ethics at the WEF Davos Annual Meeting. Since the mid-90's, Hafrey has also moderated The Aspen Institute Seminar in Leadership, Values, and the Good Society, as well as other seminars sponsored by the Institute.

Publications: A former staff editor at The New York Times Book Review, Hafrey has published book translations from French and German and reporting, essays, reviews, and interviews in The New York Times and other American and European periodicals. In 2007-09, he wrote an ethics column for IPA's Business Today, a quarterly magazine for small to medium-sized businesses. He serves on the editorial advisory board of the journal Philosophy of Management (U.K.) and the Journal of Business Ethics Education (U.S.). His book on how people use story to articulate ethical norms, The Story of Success: Five Steps to Mastering Ethics in Business, appeared in September 2005 with Other Press.

Education: Hafrey holds an A.B. in English from Harvard College and a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature from Yale University.

Reed Hastings founded Netflix in 1997 and launched the subscription service in 1999. Netflix grew to one million subscribers in less than four years, and reached 8.4 million subscribers by mid-2008.

In seven consecutive surveys since 2005, Netflix has been ranked number one in customer satisfaction across all of e-commerce by independent researcher ForeSee Results. In the fall of 2005, Netflix was the winner of Fast Company's national Customers First Award, with Reed appearing on the cover of the October issue.

Also in 2005, Time magazine added Reed to its "Time 100" list of the one hundred most influential global citizens. Newsweek wrote that "Netflix revolutionized the way we watch movies."

In March 2007, Reed was appointed to Microsoft Corp.'s board of directors and he was inducted into the Video Business Hall of Fame in December.

Earlier in his career, Reed founded Pure Software, which he built into one of the world's 50 largest public software companies. After a successful public offering and a number of acquisitions, Pure was acquired by Rational Software in 1997.

Reed is an active educational philanthropist and board member of many non-profits. In addition, he was President of the California State Board of Education from 2000 to 2004. He has led successful statewide political campaigns for more charter public schools and easier passage of local school bonds.

Reed received a BA from Bowdoin College in 1983 and an MSCS degree from Stanford University in 1988. He holds several patents. Between Bowdoin and Stanford, Reed served in the U.S. Peace Corps as a high school math teacher in Swaziland.

Jerry Howe is a lawyer and business executive in the aerospace, defense and intelligence sectors. In early 2013, after more than a dozen years in industry, Mr. Howe returned to the private practice of law as a partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson. His prior senior corporate positions included Veridian [VNX: NYSE] and TASC, where he had responsibility for legal affairs, ethics and compliance, corporate development and M&A, government relations, and security.

Before moving to the corporate world in 2000, Mr. Howe was a partner in a leading Washington law firm. There he acted as outside counsel to preeminent defense, aerospace, and information technology companies, including Boeing, Hughes, McDonnell Douglas, Motorola and Veridian. Prior to private practice, Mr. Howe was a law clerk for Judge George MacKinnon of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, a highly respected federal jurist.

Mr. Howe was previously president of the Federal Circuit Bar Association, chair of the Washington Space Business Roundtable, treasurer of the All America PAC, director of Intermap Technologies [IMP: TSX], and director of the This I Believe foundation. Currently, in addition to serving as a moderator for the Aspen Institute, he is a co-founder and the treasurer of No

Mr. Howe received his J.D. cum laude from Harvard Law School, where he was an editor of the Harvard Law Review; his honors M.A. in modern history and economics from Oxford University, where he was a Sachs Scholar; and his A.B. magna cum laude from Princeton University and its Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

A native of Washington, D.C. and Bethesda, Maryland, Mr. Howe is married and has two grown daughters.

Jennie M. Johnson, a seasoned corporate executive and active civic leader, is the Executive Director of Liberty Fellowship. She was previously president of Liberty Insurance Services, the largest third party administration firm in the life insurance industry and executive vice president of RBC Liberty Insurance.

Prior to heading Liberty Insurance Services, Johnson was president of Pierce National Life Insurance Company. She previously served as vice president of planning for Liberty Corporation. Her professional background also includes strategic planning for Ashland Oil and planning for United Way.

Johnson has a strong commitment to civic activities. She serves on the Board of Greenville Technical College and is former Chair of the South Carolina Research Authority and the Greenville Humane Society. She has been a member of the Board of Visitors of Wake Forest University's Graduate Business School and the Executive Committees of the South Carolina Chamber of Commerce and the Peace Center for the Performing Arts. Appointed to the MAP Commission by the Governor of South Carolina, she was charged with making recommendations to improve state government. Johnson was recently awarded the Order of the Palmetto, the highest civilian honor of South Carolina, by the Governor for her work in community and state-wide organizations.

A graduate of Miami University with a degree in Political Science, Johnson earned her M.A. in Public Administration from the University of Virginia and her M.B.A. from Wake Forest University.

David H. Langstaff is a business and community leader with extensive experience as Chief Executive Officer and Director of advanced technology and professional services companies. From December 2009, upon its acquisition by General Atlantic Partners and KKR, through November 2013 he served as Chairman, and then as President & Chief Executive Officer and a Director of TASC, Inc. Previously, Mr. Langstaff was Founder, President & Chief Executive Officer and Director of Veridian Corporation until its sale to General Dynamics in August 2003. Veridian was regarded as one of the preeminent companies in its field with a strong values-based culture; its IPO was recognized by the Financial Times as one of the ten best global IPOs in 2002.

David is a senior moderator of values-based leadership seminars for the Aspen Institute and chairs its Business and Society Program Advisory Board. He is a member of the Defense Business Board, a director of The Hitachi Foundation, a trustee of The Committee for Economic Development, and an Executive Fellow for the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership. He is a director of the Wolf Trap Foundation, serves on the Advisory Board of the Open Cloud Consortium, and has served as a director of a number of public and private companies.

David is a musician and performs from time to time as a baroque soloist with amateur and professional orchestras. He currently is putting together a PBS special on the history of recorded music, with Sir George Martin, to be aired in spring of 2016. David earned a B.A., cum laude, from Harvard College and an M.B.A. from Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration. He resides on a farm in Comus, MD with his wife of more than thirty-five years.

Jay Marshall is a Managing Director at AlixPartners, a member of the Firm's leadership team, and responsible for the Firm's marketing and selling functions in addition to his client work for private equity sponsors.

Jay is an experienced engagement manager, specializing in large corporate transformations that run the gamut from strategy to near term profit improvement to organizational development. He has significant functional experience in corporate and business unit strategy, process design, change management, leadership, and post merger integration.

He has spent twenty-two years in management consulting, applying these skills across a variety of industries. Most prominently, Jay has led a number of assignments in oil and gas, both upstream and downstream, utilities, chemicals, and medical devices. He has also developed expertise in using technology and process engineering in improving back office performance.

Prior to joining AlixPartners, he was the Managing Partner of the Dallas office of Booz Allen Hamilton, and a partner in their Energy, Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Practice. While there, he also led their interest group on transformation and won the firm's Professional Excellence Award. He holds a BSE in Chemical Engineering from Princeton University and an MBA in Finance from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a Sord Scholar and received the Dean's Award for Academic Excellence.

Jay lives in Dallas, where he is Chairman of the Board of The Dallas Opera and on the Board of the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts. He is also one of the inaugural Henry Crown Fellows, a program through the Aspen Institute that recognizes young leaders and involves them in intensive study of values-based leadership. He was the first Crown Fellow to serve on the Oversight Board for the Fellowship as well.

Jay is also non-executive Chairman of the board of XS, Inc., a successful Internet startup in the agricultural chemicals space and on the Advisory Board of FutureFest 2009, to be held in Cambridge, UK.

David Monsma is executive director of the Aspen Institute Energy and Environment Program. The Institute's energy and environment program work includes three annual energy policy forums: The Aspen Institute Energy Policy Forum, the Global Forum on Energy, Economy and Security, and the Clean Energy Forum. The program also convenes, and David moderates, policy-testing dialogues including the Institute's Food Security Strategy Group; the India-US Track II Dialogue on Energy and Climate Change; the Aspen Ocean Community Dialogue; and the Texas Natural Gas Regulatory Modernization Dialogue, as well as various other dialogues, seminars and the Catto Fellowship. An attorney by training, David has over 20 years of experience in environmental law and policy. He taught law and ethics at Loyola University in Maryland and served as director of business and environment at Business for Social Responsibility in San Francisco where he led BSR's Clean Cargo initiative and the Green Power Market Development Group with WRI. During the Clinton Administration, David was the environmental management task force coordinator for the President's Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD) and, prior to this, led a toxics use reduction and citizen's suit enforcement campaign in Maryland for the Environmental Action Foundation. David began his legal career as a program attorney in the Office of Toxics Substances at the Environmental Protection Agency headquarters in Washington, DC.

Eric L. Motley, in January 2007, joined the Aspen Institute (Washington, DC) as a Vice President and the Managing Director of the Henry Crown Fellows Program. Established in 1997, the Henry Crown Fellows Program seeks to develop a new generation of community-spirited leaders. The program honors the memory of Chicago industrialist Henry Crown (1896-1990), whose legendary career was marked by a lifelong commitment to honor, integrity, industry and philanthropy. Prior to joining the Aspen Institute, Eric served as the Director of the U.S. Department of State's Office of International Visitors within the bureau of Public Diplomacy. As Director, he oversaw the International Visitor Leadership Program, a program that is designed to build mutual understanding between the U.S. and other countries through carefully designed visits that reflect future foreign leader's interests and support U.S. foreign policy goals.

In 2003, he became Special Assistant to President George W. Bush for Presidential Personnel, where he managed the appointment process in the White House for over 1,200 presidentially-appointed advisory board and commission positions. He joined the White House staff as Deputy Associate Director, Office of Presidential Personnel, in 2001 at the age of 27 immediately after receiving his Ph.D.

Eric is a Henry Crown Fellow of the Aspen Institute, Class of 2003. He has written and lectured on the intellectual and political contributions of Scottish-born American Founding Father, James Wilson. He is currently engaged in developing a collection on the scholarship of the eminent Greek scholar Sir Kenneth Dover, including copies of all his books, personal papers and various items from his personal catalogue. In October 2006, he published his first volume of poetry, Luminaria, and is a contributing writer to US Airways Magazine as an essayist.

His civic involvement encompasses leadership roles with a wide range of local, state, and national organizations, including the Cosmos Club of Washington, DC; Grolier Club of New York City; Young Concert Artists of Washington; Manuscript Society of America; Dialexis Society; The Odysseus Circle; Samford University; University of St. Andrews; and the Young Executives Council. He serves on the Board of Directors of Affinity Labs in San Francisco and on the Chapter Board of the Washington National Cathedral. Eric is an avid book collector whose library consists of over 4,500 volumes which includes-but not limited to-over 1700 first editions and rare books. In June 2006, Eric's life story was featured in the Washington Post as a part of the series "Being a Black Man in America."

Eric earned his bachelor's degree in Political Science and Philosophy from Samford University in 1996. As a Rotary International Ambassadorial Scholar at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, he earned a Master of Letters in International Relations and a Ph.D. in International Relations as the John Steven Watson Scholar.

Donald W. Murphy, the incoming Chief Executive Officer of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, oversees the management and administration of the 160,000 sq. ft. museum and its programs to eliminate contemporary slavery. Mr. Murphy is the former deputy director of the National Park Service. He was appointed deputy director of the National Park Service in September 2001 and assisted in managing 390 national park units covering approximately 84 million acres, more than 23,000 employees, and a total budget of more than $2.3 billion. Murphy's priorities with the Park Service focused on preserving the nation's treasured cultural resources and protecting wildlife and its habitats.

He served for seven years as the director of California State Parks, the nation's largest and most diverse state park system. He began his career as a California state park ranger, serving in various capacities including the superintendent of the parks along the Big Sur coast where he partnered with the Ventana Wilderness Sanctuary to (VWS) establish a bird banding and youth education center at Andrew Molera State Park. Later, as director, he traveled to Alaska with the VWS to collect eaglets to repopulate the Ventana Wilderness.

Murphy has extensive management experience with museums and cultural and historic sites. During his tenure as director of California State Parks, Murphy had responsibility for the world-renowned California State Railroad Museum, the Hearst Castle State Historic Monument, and several other state museums.

Raised in Los Angeles, CA, Murphy earned a BA degree in Biology in 1975 at the University of California, San Diego. After graduating he attended graduate school in physiology and pharmacology at UC San Diego, where he served as a graduate research assistant at the world renowned Salk Institute.

Murphy has served as president of the California State Park Rangers Association, the National Association of Outdoor Recreation Liaison Officers, trustee and treasurer of the National Park Conservation Association, and trustee of the Golden Gate National Park Conservancy, and continues to serve on several other boards. He is currently the chairman of the board of Global Conservation Assistance. Murphy also is a seminar moderator at the Aspen Institute in Colorado, where he leads seminars on executive leadership and leading change.

Murphy is married to LaRena Romrell Murphy. They have six children; three boys and three girls: Damien age 35, Kina age 34, Christopher age 33, Liv age 31, Timothy age 19 and Anna age 18. Murphy is a published poet and has authored a number of articles. Backpacking, writing, and golf are among his hobbies. He has made regular appearances on CNN, CNBC, CSPAN and MSNBC.

Mark Nevins is an advisor, consultant, and coach who works with individuals, teams, and organizations to help them perform more effectively, efficiently, and profitably. As the President of Nevins Consulting, he helps solve problems and realize opportunities in three general areas: Senior-Level Executive Development; Executive Team and Board Effectiveness; and Organizational Development and Program Creation.

For more than fifteen years, Mark has been advising and consulting to senior executives of dozens of large and small organizations around the world, in many industries, in the private and public sectors, from Fortune 100s to NFPs.

Mark is a moderator for The Aspen Institute, and he also serves on the Advisory Council for the Institute of Executive Development (IED). He has studied leadership, management, and organizational development extensively. He regularly guest lectures on major business school campuses, and he writes in his areas of expertise. Salient publications include The Advice Business, a book on management consulting of which he is co-editor and co-author, and "21st- Century Leadership: Redefining Management Education," in the journal Strategy and Business.

In his corporate career, Mark spent ten years in global leadership roles with the strategy and management consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton and the executive search firm Korn/Ferry International. In each of these roles he led the organizational and executive development functions around the world as well as overseeing the full range of human resource functions. He also consulted with a number of Booz Allen's largest clients on executive development and organizational change challenges.

Prior to his career in the private sector, Mark taught at Harvard University for nearly a decade, where he also held several administrative positions. He was graduated with honors from the College of the Holy Cross, and he took his Ph.D. in English Literature from Harvard University, during which time he received awards for his teaching as well as scholarships for research and study in the United States and abroad. Mark sits on the Board of Directors of the private equity firm Spring Hill Capital Partners as well as Stay-Focused, a NFP that teaches leadership and self-empowerment to kids in wheelchairs by certifying them in scuba-diving. He has traveled, worked, and taught in more than 50 countries around the globe.

Elizabeth Hayes Patterson is an Associate Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center. Before joining the Law Center faculty in 1980, Professor Patterson served as Chair of the D.C. Public Service (Utilities) Commission and was a Commissioner of the D.C. Public Service Commission. At Georgetown, she teaches Conflict of Laws, Contracts, Race and American Law, and Commercial Law: Sales Transactions. From 2005 until 2007, she served as the Deputy Director of the Association of American Law Schools, headquartered in Washington, D.C. From 1993-97, she served as Associate Dean for the JD and Graduate Programs at the Law Center, with responsibility for the supervision of academic programs, including curriculum development, full-time and adjunct faculty, and the Registrar's Office, as well as student affairs. In 2001, she received the Law Center's Frank F. Flegal Teaching Award.

In 2006, she became the first woman to receive an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Toulouse in southern France; in 2008, she received an Honorary Doctor of Laws from her alma mater, Emmanuel College, in Boston, Massachusetts. She has been Treasurer of the D.C. Bar and a member of the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on Private International Law (the Study Group on the Law Applicable to International Sales), the D.C. Bar Screening Committee, and the Editorial Board of the Washington Lawyer. She currently serves on the Board of Trustees of Emmanuel College, the National Crittenton Foundation, and Our Place, D.C.

Before becoming involved in public service, she practiced privately with the D.C. firm of Hogan & Hartson and taught Conflicts at Catholic University. After graduation from the Columbus School of Law at Catholic University, she served as a clerk for the Honorable Ruggero J. Aldisert of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree with distinction from Emmanuel College and studied French at the Sorbonne in Paris and at Stanford University, as a Woodrow Wilson Fellow.

Professor Patterson ("Ginger") is a member of the American Law Institute and has written articles on both domestic and international law regulating the sale of goods.

She is married to Jerome A. Patterson and has two grown children, Sala and Malcolm.

Watanan Petersik is currently Chief of Staff for Goldman Sachs Asia ex-Japan and is actively involved in a number of the firm's cross-divisional initiatives in the region, including Goldman Sachs' recently announced China joint venture. Prior to joining the Executive Office, Watanan spent five years in the Investment Banking Division in Asia, working with clients across the region in both a coverage and corporate finance role. Watanan joined the firm in 1996 in ECM, and became a Managing Director in 2000. Watanan joined Goldman Sachs from SBC Warburg, where she was Head of ECM for the Asian region, based in Hong Kong.

Before she moved to Hong Kong in 1995, Watanan lived in Thailand and was a ranked analyst as Head of Research for SBC Warburg and James Capel, as well as Head of Broking for Jardine Fleming.

Watanan received her A.B. from Bryn Mawr College in 1981 and also studied at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. She lives with her husband and son in Hong Kong.

Joanna Rees is a Managing Director at Soda Rock Partners LLC, supporting entrepreneurs to build leading high-growth companies and organizations. Joanna was a candidate for Mayor of San Francisco in November 2011. Joanna was the founder of VSP Capital, a San Francisco-based venture capital firm focused on early-stage companies combining technical innovation with market development. Joanna has served on the board of more than 25 venture-backed start up companies across a broad range of industries. She also served on the Board of the National Venture Capital Association ("NVCA), the Coppola Companies (Francis Ford Coppola), and as Chairman of the USA for Madrid-based FON, the world’s largest WiFi community. She is currently a senior mentor and a seminar moderator at the Aspen Institute. She also is an Adjunct Professor at Santa Clara University where she teaches Leadership in the Leavey School of Business.

Joanna has significant experience in finance and investment banking including positions at BA Securities and a boutique merchant bank, Vrolyk & Co. She worked in private placements and mergers & acquisitions focused on retail, restaurant and branded consumer companies. Joanna also brings deep expertise in marketing and strategy, and has held several senior marketing management positions with Groupe Danone, a $20+ billion global consumer products firm, with her last position as head of New Product Development. Joanna began her career at DMB&B, working with clients such as General Foods, RJR Nabisco, Brown Forman, Digital Equipment Corp, and Texaco.

The World Economic Forum selected Joanna as a Year 2000 Global Leader for Tomorrow (GLT) for individuals who hold positions "of considerable power, influence and responsibility," and are "global in terms of their accomplishments and potential." The Aspen Institute selected Joanna for its 2002 Class of Henry Crown Fellows, a program designed to develop the next generation of community-spirited business leaders, and the National Association of Women Business Owners named her "The 2000 Entrepreneur of the Year Rising Star". She is frequently featured in the national press (Forbes, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, CNN, CNNfn, Business Week, etc.) as a speaker at industry conferences, and served as a spokesperson for the NVCA. Joanna is a Senior Mentor for the Crown Fellows Program at the Aspen Institute and is a Moderator for the Aspen Global Leadership Network.

Joanna is active in the non-profit community. She serves on the board of New Schools Venture Fund whose mission is to improve public K-12 education by supporting education entrepreneurs, and on the Global Board of Endeavor supporting "high-impact" entrepreneurs in developing economies. She previously chaired the board of the Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship ("NFTE"). Joanna has extensive experience with many other non-profits and education organizations including the Junior League, the March of Dimes, the V-Foundation, various private schools, the Annual Fund board at Duke University and the Duke basketball Legacy Fund.

She earned her MBA from Columbia University (beta gamma sigma) and a BS from Duke University where she was a member of the gymnastics team. She lives in San Francisco with her husband, John Hamm, with their combined four children, Arthur (23), Taylor (19), Andie (16) and Perry (14).

Peter A. Reiling is Executive Vice President for Leadership and Seminar Programs, and Executive Director of the Henry Crown Fellowship Program at the Aspen Institute. In these roles, he oversees the Institute's growing portfolio of leadership initiatives (the Aspen Global Leadership Network) and seminars (including The Aspen Seminar, offered at the Institute since 1950) as well as its flagship leadership program.

Peter is a trustee, officer, and senior moderator of the Aspen Institute and a Henry Crown Fellow (Class of 1998). He is also the founder of the Africa Leadership Initiative (ALI), a joint venture between the Aspen Institute and five African business leaders, and co-founder of similar initiatives in Central America (CALI), India (ILI), the Middle East (MELI), and China, with plans to expand into Southeast Asia and Mexico. Similar programs have also been launched in the fields of politics, education and the environment. The goal of all these ventures, knitted together as the Aspen Global Leadership Network, is to stimulate a new generation of accomplished, entrepreneurial leaders to play a greater role in the social and political development of their communities and countries.

Prior to joining the Aspen Institute, from 1996 to 2004, Peter was President and CEO of TechnoServe, an international organization helping entrepreneurs across Africa, Latin America, India and Central Europe to build businesses in their communities.. He is co-founder of the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs and currently serves as chairman of the board of the CALI Foundation as well as on the boards of ALI/East Africa, ALI/West Africa and ALI/South Africa. He is also a member of the board of Pegasus Tower Holdings, LLC. Peter is a former adjunct professor at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs and guest lecturer at the Institute for Developing Economies in Tokyo. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and was named "Outstanding Social Entrepreneur" by the Schwab Foundation in Geneva. A graduate of Georgetown University (BSFS) and the University of California/Berkeley (MBA), with additional studies at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Peter is married to Denise Byrne and is the father of two children, Dylan and Eva Luna.

Bruce Robertson was Regional Coordinator of Consultative Business Movement from 1990 to 1991 (Johannesburg Region). He was responsible for establishing dialogue between business leaders and political leaders in the area of economic policy, development, and conflict resolution. From 1991 to 1995, Mr. Robertson was General Manager of Premier International Development where he was responsible for trade in wheat flour, maize, and edible oils for Premier Group in Sub-Saharan Africa. He also investigated investment opportunities for Premier in other African nations. In 1995, Mr. Robertson was made Managing Director of Africa Resources Holdings Limited, where his primary responsibility was raising capital to invest in cotton ginneries in eastern Uganda.

In 1997, Mr. Robertson established Great Lakes Cotton Company in partnership with a Liverpool-based cotton merchant. Through Great Lakes they have purchased cotton ginneries in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and South Africa. The company employs around 2,500 people, provides cotton farming inputs to around 120,000 farmers, and provides the main source of cash income to around 180,000 rural families through cash purchasing of their cotton.

Mr. Robertson is married to Janina Masojada, has two young children, Aleks and Klara and lives in Durban. His time is taken up balancing travel and travails in Africa with a delightful but expectant family. Any advice on the art of balancing is welcome but will be returned with interest.

Ford Rowan is an expert on how to handle a crisis. His clients have included 7 of the largest 20 companies on the Forbes 500. He has advised on the September 11th air disasters, alleged financial fraud, restatements of earnings, environmental crimes, chemical safety, mad cow disease, SUV rollovers, silicone breast implants, the aftermath of the Valdez oil spill, and five explosions at chemical plants and refineries. He has consulted on issues in ten countries, including China, Venezuela, France, and Mexico.

Rowan chairs the National Center for Critical Incident Analysis, an independent, civilian research entity affiliated with the National Defense University in Washington. He is the author of a study on lessons from the 2001 anthrax attacks and co-author of What is to be done? Emerging Perspectives on Public Responses to Bioterrorism (2002) and Crisis Prevention, Management and Communication (1991). He is co-author of Weathering the Storm (2006), a guide for preparing for a pandemic.

He is a former national security correspondent for NBC News who covered the war in Lebanon, the Watergate trials, and Three Mile Island. He was the host of the weekly PBS program, International Edition, in the mid 1980s. Rowan also practiced communications law in Washington and is the author of Broadcast Fairness, a 1984 analysis of the impact of regulation on news coverage. In 1978, he wrote TechnoSpies which described the computer network that became the Internet.

Rowan taught part-time for 13 years at the Medill School at Northwestern University, four years at the University of Southern California, and is now teaching at George Washington University in the Organizational Sciences Department. Rowan is vice chair of the board of the Santa Fe Institute.

Rowan is a graduate of Tulane University and earned his law degree at Georgetown. He is a believer in life-long education and has studied on a part-time basis for three decades. He holds masters degrees from Johns Hopkins (behavioral science), American University (political science), Syracuse (interdisciplinary social science), the Ecumenical Institute (theology), and St. Johns College (the great books program). He earned a doctorate in public administration from the University of Southern California.

Lucille Sansing: President, Argosy University, San Francisco Bay Area; Overall responsibility for the campus and its operations. Primary responsibilities include recruitment, employment and evaluation of campus personnel; institutional development, including major responsibility for strategic planning and budgeting; facilities management and community relations. Education: A.B., Bates College (Sociology); M.A., University of Virginia (Sociology and Anthropology); Ph.D., The George Washington University (Sociology). Teaching and Research Interests: Gender and Public Policy; Domestic Violence Leadership; Strategic Planning and Managing Change. Professional Associations and Board Memberships: American Sociological Association; National Council for Research on Women Presidents Circle; Moderator, Aspen Institute; Wye Faculty Seminar Governing Board, Chair (2002-2008); ACE Commission on Effective Leadership.

Ramez Shehadi has recently re-joined Booz Allen Hamilton as executive vice president and managing director tasked with driving the international expansion of the firm's general management consulting services for public and private sector clients across all major industry verticals. Prior to this, Ramez lead Booz & Company's Digital Business & Technology practice in the Middle East and served as the global leader of the Digitization platform. He has written extensively on digital strategy and technology-driven socio-economic development. Ramez also led Booz & Company's Corporate Social Responsibility program in the Middle East, with the aim to deliver positive change across the region through diversified support on essential themes, such as empowerment of women, entrepreneurship, health care provision, and other socio-economic issues. Prior to this, Ramez was senior director of product development at in San Francisco, a senior associate at A.T. Kearney in Toronto, a research associate at the Centre for Management of Technology and Entrepreneurship in Toronto, a mechanical engineer at Stone & Webster in Boston, and a competitive 8m class amateur sailor and medalist in the 1997 and 1998 North American Championships and the 1999 World Championships. Ramez is a board member of the Young Arab Leaders and several other regional NGOs and technology start-ups and remains an active Endeavor mentor. He holds a BEng in mechanical engineering from Rutgers University and an MASc in industrial engineering from the University of Toronto. He is a Fellow of the second class of the Middle East Leadership Initiative of the Aspen Institute, as well as member of and moderator for the Aspen Global Leadership Network.

John Simpkins is Fellow in Comparative Constitutional Law with the Charleston School of Law and Of Counsel with Wyche, PA. He co-chairs the Liberty Fellowship Public Policy Forum. A South Carolina native and Liberty Fellow, Simpkins grew up in Lexington and now lives in Vancouver. Previously he was Assistant Professor of Law and Director of Diversity Initiatives with the Charleston School of Law.

He has observed and consulted in the constitution-building processes in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda and is a member of the African Network of the International Association of Constitutional Law. Simpkins co-founded the Center for a Better South and is Senior Associate at the Richard W. Riley Institute of Government, Politics, and Public Leadership at Furman University. A political analyst, he has worked with WYFF Channel 4 in Greenville and WCBD Channel 2 in Charleston.

Simpkins received his AB in Government from Harvard College and his JD and LLM in International and Comparative Law from Duke University School of Law. He is a PhD candidate at the University of Melbourne Law School.

Heather Sonn is the managing director of an investment company focused on the packaging, technology, energy, market research sectors, all of which carry a significant social impact imperative. She has also developed a community based urban organic farming project with her family on their property in order to help create sustainable alternative livelihoods for the unemployed in the community. The project now integrates with the greater area initiatives around job creation and skills development, and supplies many of the local restaurants with fresh produce.

She began her career as an investment banker with Merrill Lynch in New York before return-ing to South Africa to work in strategy and business development for Sanlam Investment Management. In 2003 she assumed the role of CEO of Legae Securities, a stockbroking firm in Johannesburg where they launched a Fund of Hedge Funds business. In 2005 she was appointed as the Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Wiphold (Women's Investment Portfolio Holdings), the major shareholder to Legae Securities, to oversee the portfolio of financial services interests of the group. She joined Barclays/Absa in 2007 spending two years in London. During that period she was assigned to the Head of the Global Retail and Commercial Bank where she was responsible for creating an integrated banking model for Global Development Organizations addressing the internal and external challenges of global integration. The family travelled for six months in the East, Australia, and New Zealand before returning to settle in Cape Town in January 2010.

She holds a liberal arts degree from Smith College in Massachusetts and an MSc in international affairs from Georgetown University. Heather currently serves as director of Prescient Limited, as director for Steinhoff International, is a Trustee of the non-fee paying University, Tsiba in Cape Town, is an alternate director of Macsteel South Africa, a Voting Member of Greenpeace Africa and Chairman of the Constantia Waldorf School where her children attend school. She is also a mentor for Michelle Obama's Young African Women Leaders Forum which was launched with the U.S. First Lady's trip to South Africa in 2011. She lives in Cape Town with her husband and two children. She is a Fellow of the second class of the Africa Leadership Initiative-South Africa and a member of the Aspen Global Leadership Network, as well as a Seminar Moderator of The Aspen Institute.

Pete Thigpen: Stanford University, AB Economics and MBA, U. S. Marine Corps Officer, 3 years in a fighter squadron, Levi Strauss & Company, 24 years, positions included: President, European Division;President, Levi Strauss-USA;President, The Jeans Company; Senior Vice President, Operations; Member of the Board. Member of the Boards of four publicly traded corporations over the last fifteen years. Experience in education includes: Board of Trustees, Branson High School, current; Board of Trustees, Kentfield, CA School District, 4 years; Board of Trustees, Mills College, 9 years; Board of San Francisco Volunteers, 5 years; Board of Josephson Institute of Ethics, 5 years; Volunteer, Marin City Children's Program, 5 years; Volunteer, Junior Great Books, Bacich/Kent, 3 years; Lecturer in Ethics & Great Books, Graduate School of Business, University of California; Moderator and Senior Fellow, The Aspen Institute.

Ayanna Thompson joined the faculty at George Washington University in 2013 as Professor of English. Previously she worked at Arizona State University as Associate Dean of Faculty and Professor of English. Thompson specializes in the works of William Shakespeare and focuses on issues of race in performance. She is the author of Teaching Shakespeare with Purpose: A Student-Centered Approach (The Arden Shakespeare), Passing Strange: Shakespeare, Race, and Contemporary America (Oxford University Press), and Performing Race and Torture on the Early Modern Stage (Routledge). She is the editor of Othello (The Arden Shakespeare), Weyward Macbeth: Intersections of Race and Performance (Palgrave Macmillan), and Colorblind Shakespeare: New Perspectives on Race and Performance (Routledge).

Originally from Columbia, Maryland, Thompson graduated Magna Cum Laude from Columbia University with an AB in English Literature. She then earned her MA from the University of Sussex as a Marshall Scholar, and her Ph.D. from Harvard University. At Harvard she served as the Assistant Senior Tutor and Resident English Tutor at Currier House for five amazing years.

When Thompson is not traveling the world to watch theatre and write about it, she serves as a Trustee of the Shakespeare Association of America, an editorial member for numerous scholarly journals (including Shakespeare Quarterly and Renaissance Drama), and a member of the Council of Scholars for Theatre for a New Audience (Brooklyn, NY). In addition, she serves as a moderator for the Aspen Seminar at the Aspen Institute and as a member of the Alumni Representative Committee for her beloved alma mater, Columbia College.

Thompson lives on Capitol Hill with her husband Derek Thompson, M.D., FACP, and their two overly-active children.

Joanna Tobin was born in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, and spent her childhood in Guyana, Hong Kong, Zambia, Nigeria, Ghana, and Cameroon as the daughter of a U.S. diplomat. She earned a B.A. in Medieval-Renaissance Studies from Wellesley College, an M.A. in Liberal Studies from St. John's College, and a Ph.D. in Political Theory from Georgetown University. Her dissertation was on the conception of democracy articulated in the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson, and was entitled Poetic Democrat: Ralph Waldo Emerson on Democracy, Self-Reliance, and the Imagination. At present she is completing a manuscript entitled This Too is America: The Emersonian Idealism. Other areas of interest include writing on the connections between Emerson's essays and Plato's dialogues and, more generally, politics and American Literature. She was a member of the faculty of St. John's College in Annapolis from 2002 to 2006 where she taught throughout the Great Books curriculum in small, discussion-based classes in subjects ranging from Ancient Greek to Biology, Chemistry, Math, and Astronomy. She is now an independent scholar.

Joanna has been a moderator for The Aspen Institute since 2006. The seminars she has moderated include Executive Seminars, the Wye Faculty Seminar, a four-part series on Creativity, and seminars on Leadership and Global Values at the Federal Executive Institute in Charlottesville, Virginia. Prior to beginning her graduate studies, Joanna worked as an actress and also as a development officer for several arts organizations. She also worked on the first Clinton inauguration, and later at the Vice President's residence for Tipper Gore.

Joanna is married to Steven Tobin who is a Program Manager with Honeywell Technical Services. They have a six-year-old daughter named Diana, and a rather ancient rescued racing Greyhound named Asta, and live in Annapolis, Maryland where, in their spare time, they tend their large vegetable and perennial garden and ever-expanding orchard.

David Townsend is the Aspen Institute’s Senior Advisor for Seminars and Director of Wye Programs. He is responsible for their Wye-based programs, including the Wye Faculty Seminars and Wye Deans Seminar. He moderates the Aspen Executive Seminar and custom seminars.

For fifteen years, David managed Aspen's partnership with the Federal Executive Institute (FEI) in Charlottesville, Virginia and served as a member of the visiting faculty of FEI. He led Executive Seminars, Leading Change in Government, and Global Values and Leadership. He currently is a moderator for the Weidenfeld Scholars Program at Oxford University. He moderates seminars for college presidents, deans, and faculty for Aspen and for national organizations including AAC&U, CIC, ACAD, and CHCI.

David has been a tutor at St. John's College since 1974, teaching graduate and undergraduate courses in topics including Chaos and Fractal Theory, Relativity Theory, Non-Euclidean Geometry, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of History, Plato, Aristotle, Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Virgil, The Bible, Dante, Shakespeare, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Jefferson, Kant, Adam Smith, Hegel, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Freud, Contemporary Legal Studies, Poetry, Greek, and French.

David coordinated the Corporate Council on Africa's AIDS Task Force and has served on the Baltimore City Commission on HIV/AIDS. His teaching experiences include Jessup maximum security prison, the Baltimore Police Academy, retirement communities, high schools, and middle schools. He has served as Senior Director of Projects for Touchstones Corporation, which provides unique learning experiences for students in public and private schools throughout the United States, and with programs in China, Jordan, Tanzania, and Haiti.

A 1969 graduate of Loyola College, David is a member of the Jesuit Honor Society and is interested in spiritual questions. He is a Master Mason. His degrees include a Ph.D. from Harvard, a J.D. from Yale, and a degree from the University of Paris.

Lynne Waldera is founder and CEO of InMomentum, Inc., a privately held management consultancy founded in 1999 and focused on organization and executive strategy and development for companies in dynamic markets. Based in Santa Clara, California, the firm has pioneered research on the cultural attributes of innovative, high-growth companies and has created unique tools and methodologies based on that research. Some of the firm's past and present clients include: AMD, Cadence, Charles Schwab, Cisco Systems, Genentech, eHarmony, Millipore, SAP, Spansion, and Symantec.

Prior to founding InMomentum, Inc., Lynne was Managing Director at Cunningham Communication, a leading technology public relations firm. Previously, Lynne was a partner at the organization and communication consulting firm, Gehlhausen Ruda & Associates.

Lynne is a member of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychologists, Academy of Management and the American Psychological Association and is a frequent speaker on the topics of organizational culture and leadership. She moderates various Aspen Institute and Federal Executive Institute seminars, including the Aspen Executive Seminar, Leadership and Global Values and Leading Change programs. As a member of the Future of Work coalition, she serves as a "trend scout," researching and writing on work environments that are technology-enabled, socially and environmentally responsible, and personally satisfying.

Lynne sits on the board of Adaptive Path, a privately held user experience strategy and design consulting firm in San Francisco. She also serves as an advisory board member for Momentum for Mental Health, the largest community-based mental healthcare provider in the San Francisco Bay area. Formerly, she served as Chairman of the Board of the Alliance for Mental Health and as an advisory board member for ZeroOne: The Art and Technology Network.

Lynne earned a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology at George Washington University and a Bachelor of Arts in psychology, with minors in English and French at Duquesne University. She and her husband, Tom, currently reside in Pleasanton, California.

Roger Widmann was a Principal of the investment banking firm of Tanner & Co., Inc. from 1996 to 2004, providing advice and negotiation and evaluation services to corporations ranging from Fortune 200 companies to mid-sized firms.

From 1986 to 1995, Mr. Widmann was a Senior Managing Director of Chemical Securities Inc., a subsidiary of Chemical Banking Corporation (now JPMorgan Chase Corporation). He established the Bank's fee-based corporate finance business in 1986. In addition to his responsibilities in the U.S., he was responsible for projects ranging from South America to Eastern Europe and the Middle East.

Prior to joining Chemical, Mr. Widmann was a founder and CEO of First Reserve Corporation, the largest independent energy investing firm in the U.S. Mr. Widmann is Chairman of Keystone National Group, a fund of venture and private equity funds.

Previously, he was Senior Vice President with Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette, responsible for the firm's domestic and international investment banking business. He has also been a Vice President with New Court Securities Corporation (now Rothschild, Inc.), completing a series of venture capital and merger and acquisition transactions. Mr. Widmann began his career in 1964 as an SEC trial attorney.

Mr. Widmann was Chairman of Lydall, Inc. (NYSE), Manchester, CT, a manufacturer of thermal, acoustical and filtration materials, from 1998 to 2004, and a board member since 1974. He is also a director of Cedar Shopping Centers, Inc., Port Washington, NY, a real estate investment trust, GigaBeam, Durham, NC, a manufacturer of wireless communication links, and Standard Motor Products, Long Island City, NY. He was a director of First Reserve Corporation, Greenwich, CT from its inception in 1980 until December 1995, Paxar Corporation, White Plains, NY from 2004 to 2007 and Weatherford Enterra, Houston, TX from 1993 to 1998.

Mr. Widmann has been a senior moderator of the Aspen Seminar at the Aspen Institute since 1990 and of the Liberty Fellowship, Greenville, SC, since 2004. He has been President of the March of Dimes of Greater New York since 1994. He is also a Vice Chair of Oxfam America, an affiliate of Oxfam International, the multinational humanitarian and crisis relief organization, and a Director of MicroCredit Enterprises, a global microfinance corporation.

Mr. Widmann earned a B.A. degree from Brown University, cum laude, and a J.D. Degree from Columbia Law School.