Workforce Development

From the Bottom Up: Toward A Strategy for Income and Employment Generation Among the Disadvantaged

May 1, 1994  • Fred O'Regan & Maureen Conway

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This report was the result of the Aspen Institute’s earliest efforts to define and document innovative income and employment generation strategies to assist disadvantaged workers. In conducting the research for this report, the Aspen Institute assessed 60 self-employment, job training and placement, job creation and retention, and community-based finance programs nationally. One important finding was that organizations that adopted market-oriented (often sectoral) approaches offered some of the most promising models of practice.