Confessionalism and Electoral Reform in Lebanon

Arda Arsenian Ekmekji, Ph.D.
July 17, 2012

This paper presents three possible scenarios for the forthcoming 2013 legislative elections - the "status quo", the Boutros Commission Draft, and the Charbel Proportional Proposal - and argues for an effective and democratic electoral system that addresses the inequalities and traps for corruption present in Lebanon today. Taking into account Lebanon's tenuous multi-confessional identity, standardization of voting practices, electoral zoning and expatriate voter inclusion, Ekmekji presents a thorough and recommendation-based analysis of the options available and the best road forward to reform in Lebanon.